Old world cutaneous leishmaniasis in Los Angeles: a case report, overview of the current literature, and guide for the treating dermatopathologist

Am J Dermatopathol. 2003 Aug;25(4):321-6. doi: 10.1097/00000372-200308000-00006.

Abstract

We describe a case of cutaneous leishmaniasis in a Spanish patient visiting Los Angeles. Leishmania species cause both cutaneous and visceral disease; the majority of infections with Leishmania are of the cutaneous form. Although leishmaniasis is a relatively rare occurrence in the United States, travel by United States' citizens to endemic regions and increased United States military operations in the Middle East raise the chances of encountering cutaneous leishmaniasis. The following case report and overview of the current literature outlines the major morphologic findings and current diagnostic modalities available to diagnose cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA, Protozoan / analysis
  • Dermatology / methods*
  • Humans
  • Leishmania donovani / genetics
  • Leishmania donovani / isolation & purification
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / ethnology
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / pathology*
  • Los Angeles / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Skin / parasitology
  • Skin / pathology*
  • Spain / ethnology

Substances

  • DNA, Protozoan