Background: Little information is available on recent population-based trends in the outcomes of patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Canada.
Methods: Data were analyzed from the Discharge Abstract Database and Hospital Morbidity Database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information. All new cases of AMI in Canada between fiscal 1997/98 and fiscal 1999/2000 of patients at least 20 years old were examined. Data were also analyzed from these databases for hospital readmissions for a second AMI, angina and congestive heart failure (CHF).
Results: There were 139,523 new AMI cases. The overall crude in-hospital AMI mortality rate in Canada was 12.3%. In-hospital mortality rate after an AMI was worse for women than for men in Canada (16.7% and 9.9%, respectively). The age- and sex-standardized in-hospital mortality rate varied from a low of 10.5% (95% CI 8.4% to 12.6%) in Prince Edward Island to a high of 13.1% (95% CI 12.8% to 13.5%) in Quebec. Among AMI survivors, 12.5% were readmitted within one year for angina, 7.7% for a second AMI and 7.5% for CHF. There were wide interregional differences in age- and sex-standardized mortality rates and one-year readmission rates.
Conclusions: AMI is associated with a substantial acute mortality rate in Canada, especially in the elderly and female patients. Identifying the causes of interregional differences in patient outcomes should be a priority for future research.