Fluoride release and uptake capacities of fluoride-releasing restorative materials

Oper Dent. Jul-Aug 2003;28(4):395-402.

Abstract

Many fluoride-releasing dental materials are being sold on the basis of their cariostatic properties. However, the amount fluoride release of these materials is still uncertain. This study investigated the fluoride release and uptake characteristics of four flowable resin composites (Heliomolar Flow, Tetric Flow, Wave, Perma Flo), one flowable compomer (Dyract flow), one conventional glass ionomer cement mixed with two different powder/liquid ratios (ChemFlex Syringeable and ChemFlex Condensable), one packable resin composite (SureFil), one ion-releasing composite (Ariston pHc) and one resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Vitremer). Seven discs (6-mm diameter and 1.5-mm height) were prepared for each material. Each disc was immersed in 3.5 ml of deionized water within a plastic vial and stored at 37 degrees C. The deionized water was changed every 24 hours and the release of fluoride was measured for 30 days. At the end of this period, the samples were recharged with 2 ml of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel for four minutes. Then, all samples were reassessed for an additional 10 days. The fluoride release of all samples was measured with a specific fluoride electrode and an ionanalyzer. Statistical analyses were conducted using two-way repeated measure ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range tests. For all tested materials, the greatest fluoride release was observed after the first day of the study (p<0.01) but gradually diminished with time. During the test period, Tetric Flow released the lowest amount of fluoride; however, no statistically significant difference was found from Wave and Heliomolar Flow (p>0.05). Ariston pHc released the highest amount of fluoride, followed by ChemFlex Syringeable, Vitremer and ChemFlex Condensable. There were statistically significant differences among these materials (p<0.05). Fluoride release of all materials were significantly increased after the first day following refluoridation and Ariston pHc released the greatest among all materials (p<0.01). At the end of two days of refluoridation, the fluoride release rate for each material dropped quickly and stabilized within three days.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Cariostatic Agents / analysis*
  • Compomers / chemistry*
  • Composite Resins / chemistry*
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent
  • Fluorides / analysis*
  • Glass Ionomer Cements / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Methacrylates / chemistry
  • Statistics, Nonparametric

Substances

  • Ariston pHc
  • Cariostatic Agents
  • ChemFlex
  • Compomers
  • Composite Resins
  • Glass Ionomer Cements
  • Heliomolar Flow
  • Methacrylates
  • PermaFlow
  • SureFil packable composite
  • Vitremer
  • dyract flow
  • tetric flow composite resin
  • wave flowable composite
  • Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride
  • Fluorides