A diminished rate of "physiological decay" at noise offset contributes to age-related changes in temporal acuity in the CBA mouse model of presbycusis

J Acoust Soc Am. 2003 Jul;114(1):522-8. doi: 10.1121/1.1577553.

Abstract

The persistence of afferent activity at stimulus offset was examined in mice as a function of age (experiment 1) and noise level (experiment 2), using a procedure devised by von Bekesy to study the physiological decay of afferent activity. Noise offset was presented from 1 to 10 ms (the temporal gap) prior to an acoustic startle stimulus, with an abrupt edge or a linear ramp having the duration of the gap. Noise offset inhibited the startle reflex, this effect declining with age. For young (2-3 months old) and "young-old" mice (18-19 months old), the abrupt offset was always more inhibitory than the ramp, even for the one millisecond gap. In "old-old" mice (24-26 months old) abrupt and ramped offsets were not different until the gap exceeded 4 ms. The behavioral difference between abrupt and ramped decay times did not depend on noise level in young mice (4-5 months old), though overall inhibition increased with level. These data indicate that temporal acuity as measured by this gap detection method is limited in very old mice by their reduced ability to follow the abrupt change in noise level at the beginning of the gap.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Attention / physiology*
  • Auditory Pathways / physiology
  • Auditory Threshold / physiology
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Loudness Perception / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Neural Inhibition / physiology
  • Noise
  • Perceptual Masking / physiology*
  • Presbycusis / physiopathology*
  • Psychoacoustics*
  • Reaction Time / physiology
  • Reflex, Startle / physiology