Esophagotracheal fistula after lithium disc battery ingestion successfully treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003 Aug;67(8):921-6. doi: 10.1016/s0165-5876(03)00156-3.


We report a case of a 12-month-old child who acquired an esophagotracheal fistula of 5 mm in diameter after an ingested lithium disc battery impaction. Failure to recognize foreign body on chest X-rays resulted in a delay of 28 days in establishing the diagnosis. Feeding via nasogastric tube and hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) resulted in a complete closure of the fistula after 17 HBOT 60 min sessions at 2.2 bars.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Esophagoscopy
  • Foreign Bodies / complications*
  • Humans
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation*
  • Infant
  • Intubation, Gastrointestinal
  • Male
  • Nutritional Support
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / etiology*
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / therapy*