How we perform delayed enhancement imaging

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2003 Jul;5(3):505-14. doi: 10.1081/jcmr-120022267.


Recently, numerous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of a segmented inversion recovery fast gradient echo (seg IR-FGE) sequence for differentiating injured from normal myocardium. This technique for delayed enhancement imaging has been shown to be effective in identifying the presence and extent of myocardial infarction, as well as predicting improvement in contractile function after coronary revascularization. In this article we outline the procedure of delayed enhancement imaging performed at our center, describe the seg IR-FGE sequence in more detail, including our process for choosing sequence settings, review our process of image interpretation, and highlight potential pitfalls (and techniques to overcome them) that we have encountered in our experience with performing the technique in over 1500 patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Gadolinium DTPA / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Time Factors


  • Contrast Media
  • Gadolinium DTPA