In this study, a combination of recA-based PCR assays and 16S rDNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was used to determine the genomovar diversity of clinical Burkholderia cepacia complex isolates. Twenty-eight isolates were prospectively collected from patients attending a large Australian adult cystic fibrosis (CF) unit, 22 isolates were referred from other Australian CF units and a further eight isolates originated from patients without CF. The 28 prospectively collected isolates were distributed amongst the following genomovars: Burkholderia cepacia genomovar I (28.6%), Burkholderia multivorans (21.4%), Burkholderia cepacia genomovar III (39.3%), Burkholderia vietnamiensis(3.6%) and Burkholderia ambifaria (7.1%). The results of this study highlight the usefulness of 16S rDNA RFLP typing for the identification of other Burkholderia spp. and non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria.