Background and objectives: Altered expression of cell-cycle regulators is prevalent in clinical breast cancer. This study was performed to analyze the impact of cyclin E expression to the outcome of breast cancer together with cyclin D1 and p27Kip1.
Methods: The correlation between cyclin D1/E and p27Kip1 expression was analyzed in tissue arrays of 175 node-negative breast cancers treated by the same chemotherapy composed of fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, and methotrexate. Data from the immunohistochemical assays of three molecules were correlated and were analyzed with clinical outcome of the patients.
Results: Cyclin E expression was observed in 48 (27.4%) of 175 breast carcinomas. Cyclin E expression was significantly increased in young age patients and poorly differentiate tumors. Expression of cyclin E was significantly increased in cyclin D1 expressing tumors (P = 0.034). p27Kip1 expression was preserved above the 50% level in 87 tumors (49.7%) and was inversely correlated with cyclin E expression (P = 0.042). Ki67 labeling index was significantly increased in cyclin E-expressing tumors (P = 0.033) and was inversely related with p27Kip1 expression. In multivariate survival analysis, cyclin E expression was significant for the prediction of poor survival of the patients.
Conclusions: Cyclin E expression was associated with poor prognosis and intimately correlated with the expression of cyclin D1 and p27Kip1. Integration of TMA technology allowed a high-throughput analysis for correlating molecular in situ findings with clinico-pathologic information.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.