Mutations in the Connexin-26 gene (Cx 26, GJB2) are the most common cause of hereditary nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DNA analysis of the Cx 26 gene in deaf or hard-of-hearing individuals frequently demonstrates heterozygosity despite the fact that most mutations are known to be recessive. A 342-kb deletion in a gene adjacent to Cx 26, the Connexin-30 gene (Cx 30, GJB6), has been reported to cause deafness in the homozygous state or in combination with heterozygous mutations in Cx 26 (digenic inheritance). We have analyzed deaf or hard-of-hearing Cx 26 heterozygotes and individuals with no mutations in Cx 26 for this Cx 30 deletion. We found that 4/20 (20%) of the Cx 26 heterozygotes are heterozygous for this deletion and that no individuals were homozygous for the Cx 30 deletion. Cx 30 deletion analysis is recommended for all individuals with nonsyndromic SNHL following Cx 26 sequencing that does not demonstrate two recessive mutations.