Hemophagocytic syndrome after Kawasaki disease

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Jul;22(7):663-6.


Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is a rare and life-threatening disease in which a generalized histiocytic proliferation results in hemophagocytosis and up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines. This syndrome has been associated with infections, malignancy, drugs and immunologic triggers such as Kawasaki disease (KD). We describe the clinical and laboratory features of two children with HPS after KD and review the three previously reported pediatric cases of recrudescence of HD leading to HPS.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aspirin / administration & dosage
  • Child
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell / diagnosis
  • Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell / drug therapy*
  • Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / administration & dosage
  • Male
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / complications*
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
  • Aspirin