The soybean NRAMP homologue, GmDMT1, is a symbiotic divalent metal transporter capable of ferrous iron transport

Plant J. 2003 Aug;35(3):295-304. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.2003.01802.x.


Iron is an important nutrient in N2-fixing legume root nodules. Iron supplied to the nodule is used by the plant for the synthesis of leghemoglobin, while in the bacteroid fraction, it is used as an essential cofactor for the bacterial N2-fixing enzyme, nitrogenase, and iron-containing proteins of the electron transport chain. The supply of iron to the bacteroids requires initial transport across the plant-derived peribacteroid membrane, which physically separates bacteroids from the infected plant cell cytosol. In this study, we have identified Glycine max divalent metal transporter 1 (GmDmt1), a soybean homologue of the NRAMP/Dmt1 family of divalent metal ion transporters. GmDmt1 shows enhanced expression in soybean root nodules and is most highly expressed at the onset of nitrogen fixation in developing nodules. Antibodies raised against a partial fragment of GmDmt1 confirmed its presence on the peribacteroid membrane (PBM) of soybean root nodules. GmDmt1 was able to both rescue growth and enhance 55Fe(II) uptake in the ferrous iron transport deficient yeast strain (fet3fet4). The results indicate that GmDmt1 is a nodule-enhanced transporter capable of ferrous iron transport across the PBM of soybean root nodules. Its role in nodule iron homeostasis to support bacterial nitrogen fixation is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cation Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Cation Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Plant / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Plant
  • Ion Transport
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Iron-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Iron-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nitrogen Fixation
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Soybeans / genetics
  • Soybeans / metabolism*
  • Soybeans / microbiology
  • Symbiosis
  • Transformation, Genetic


  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • DNA, Plant
  • Iron-Binding Proteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1
  • solute carrier family 11- (proton-coupled divalent metal ion transporters), member 2
  • Iron