Involvement of actin-related proteins in ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling

Mol Cell. 2003 Jul;12(1):147-55. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(03)00264-8.

Abstract

Actin-related proteins (Arps) and conventional actin are enigmatic components of many chromatin-remodeling enzyme complexes. The yeast INO80 ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complex contains stoichiometric amounts of Arp4, Arp5, Arp8, and actin. Here we have revealed functions of Arp5 and Arp8 by analysis of mutants. arp5 Delta and arp8 Delta mutants display an ino80 Delta phenotype. Purification of INO80 complexes from arp5 Delta and arp8 Delta cells shows that protein complexes remain intact but are compromised for INO80 ATPase activity, DNA binding, and nucleosome mobilization. The INO80 (arp8 Delta) complex is strikingly deficient, not only for the Arp8 subunit, but also for Arp4 and actin, suggesting an ordered assembly of Arps. Binding of Arp8 to the INO80 complex requires an N-terminal region of Ino80 adjacent to the conserved ATPase domain. GST-Arp8 binds preferentially to histones H3 and H4 in vitro, suggesting a histone chaperone function. These findings show direct involvement of Arps in the chromatin-remodeling process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / genetics
  • Actins / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / genetics
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromatin / genetics
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Histones / genetics
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / genetics
  • Protein Subunits / genetics
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Yeasts / genetics*
  • Yeasts / metabolism*

Substances

  • ARP1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Actins
  • Chromatin
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Histones
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Protein Subunits
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases