Stem cells to tissue: molecular, cellular and anatomical heterogeneity in skeletal muscle

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2003 Aug;13(4):413-22. doi: 10.1016/s0959-437x(03)00090-x.


Multiple waves of muscle precursors are released from skeletal muscle progenitor cells throughout developmental life, and this process is initiated in precise locations in the embryo. Skeletal muscle diversifies not only after the acquisition of muscle identity, but curiously heterogeneity is observed even in the stem cell population. Recent studies on cell lineage, cell fusion and the nature of post-natal satellite cells have expanded on our fundamental knowledge of the formation of this tissue, and how this tissue is replenished by resident and circulating regenerative stem cells during adult life.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cell Lineage / physiology*
  • Models, Biological
  • Muscle Development
  • Muscle, Skeletal / embryology*
  • Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle / physiology*
  • Somites / physiology
  • Stem Cells / physiology*