Purpose: To report the clinical outcome of patients undergoing intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide as treatment of long-standing cystoid macular edema after phacoemulsification.
Design: Prospective clinical interventional cases series studies.
Methods: The study included five patients suffering from cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery. They received an intravitreal injection of 25-mg crystalline triamcinolone acetonide transconjunctivally with topical anesthesia.
Results: In the follow-up period of 6.6 +/- 4.1 months, visual acuity increased from 0.26 +/- 0.13 to a mean maximal visual acuity of 0.60 +/- 0.19. For all patients, visual acuity improved during the follow-up by at least 0.20. Two (40%) patients developed intraocular pressure values higher than 21 mm Hg, which could be controlled by topical antiglaucomatous treatment.
Conclusions: Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide may be a therapeutic option for long-standing cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery.