Initiation of repair of A/G mismatches is modulated by sequence context

DNA Repair (Amst). 2003 Aug 12;2(8):863-78. doi: 10.1016/s1568-7864(03)00067-3.


The efficiency of DNA glycosylases to initiate base excision repair (BER) has been demonstrated to be modulated by the precise sequence context in which the lesion or mismatch is located. In the case of DNA containing an A/G mismatch, in which the recognition and excision of adenine from the mismatch is mediated by the Escherichia coli MutY enzyme, not only does the local sequence context affect the strength of base stacking interactions, but it also modulates the syn/anti conformation around the glycosyl bond of the bases in the mispair. Utilizing prior NMR data to identify DNA sequence contexts that adopt either an anti/anti or a syn/anti configuration at an A/G mismatch, we tested the hypothesis that the initial equilibrium of the mismatched base orientations would modulate the overall efficiency of glycosyl bond scission. By systematically varying the sequence context around a central A/G mismatch within a 30-mer duplex DNA, significant kinetic differences were observed that were consistent with this hypothesis. Since the relative efficiency of the kinetics fell into only two groupings, a NMR study was conducted on a DNA sequence context of unknown syn/anti conformation. These data established that the relative syn/anti conformation did not correlate with the excision efficiency, as well as there being a lack of correlation between kinetics and thermal stability of these DNAs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Pair Mismatch*
  • Base Pairing / genetics
  • DNA / chemistry*
  • DNA Glycosylases / genetics
  • DNA Glycosylases / metabolism*
  • DNA Repair / genetics*
  • Deoxyadenine Nucleotides / chemistry
  • Deoxyguanine Nucleotides / chemistry
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes / chemistry
  • Spectrum Analysis
  • Transition Temperature


  • Deoxyadenine Nucleotides
  • Deoxyguanine Nucleotides
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • DNA
  • DNA Glycosylases