Loss of PDCD4 expression in human lung cancer correlates with tumour progression and prognosis

J Pathol. 2003 Aug;200(5):640-6. doi: 10.1002/path.1378.


The programmed cell death 4 gene (PDCD4), a newly identified transformation suppressor, was analysed in lung tumour cell lines and primary lung carcinomas. Reduced PDCD4 mRNA expression was observed in two immortalized lung cell lines and 18 cancer cell lines by northern blot analysis. In the survey of primary lung tumours, PDCD4 cDNA was poorly represented in 47 lung tumours compared with normal lung tissue by cDNA microarray analysis and this poor representation was significantly associated with high-grade (G3) adenocarcinomas (p = 0.012). Immunohistochemical analysis of 124 primary carcinomas comprising all subtypes demonstrated that PDCD4 protein expression was widely lost in tumour samples (83%) and was negatively related to poor prognosis (p = 0.013). The loss of PDCD4 expression correlated with higher grade and disease stage (p = 0.045 and 0.034, respectively), but not tumour size and nodal status. Similarly to the cDNA data, lack of PDCD4 expression was significantly linked to tumour grade in adenocarcinoma (n = 59, p = 0.048), while in squamous cell carcinoma (n = 58), no relationship between PDCD4 expression and clinicopathological parameters was established. These data suggest that the loss of PDCD4 expression is a prognostic factor in lung cancer and may correlate with tumour progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism*
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Disease Progression
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Prognosis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • PDCD4 protein, human
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • RNA-Binding Proteins