Craniofrontonasal syndrome is a rare dysostosis syndrome with an unusual pattern of X-linked inheritance, because males are usually not or less severely affected than females. Previously, a CFNS locus has been localised in Xp22. We report on a haplotype analysis in a German CFNS family, mapping the CFNS locus to the pericentromeric region of the X chromosome. This discrepancy can be explained by locus heterogeneity. Furthermore, random X inactivation could be demonstrated in affected females. The most plausible interpretation for this unusual pattern of X-linked inheritance is metabolic interference. Consequently, we propose that the CFNS gene escapes X inactivation.
Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel