Comparative DNA sequence analysis of wheat and rice genomes

Genome Res. 2003 Aug;13(8):1818-27. doi: 10.1101/gr.1113003.


The use of DNA sequence-based comparative genomics for evolutionary studies and for transferring information from model species to crop species has revolutionized molecular genetics and crop improvement strategies. This study compared 4485 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) that were physically mapped in wheat chromosome bins, to the public rice genome sequence data from 2251 ordered BAC/PAC clones using BLAST. A rice genome view of homologous wheat genome locations based on comparative sequence analysis revealed numerous chromosomal rearrangements that will significantly complicate the use of rice as a model for cross-species transfer of information in nonconserved regions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • DNA, Plant / analysis*
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Expressed Sequence Tags
  • Gene Order / genetics
  • Genes, Plant / genetics
  • Genome, Plant*
  • Oryza / genetics*
  • Poaceae / genetics
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Triticum / genetics*


  • DNA, Plant