Objective: To investigate the possible role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in esophageal carcinogenesis.
Methods: iNOS expressions in normal epithelial cells(NC), hyperplastic cells(HC), atypical hyperplastic cells(AHC) from grade I to III, carcinoma in situ(CIS), squamous cell carcinoma(SCC), and adenocarcinoma(ADC) were detected with immunohistochemistry.
Results: The positive rates of immunohistochemistry staining was 0 for NC, 2.5% for HC, 4.0%, 7.5% and 2.5% for AHC grade I to III respectively, 1.4% for CIS, 8.5% for SCC and 71.4% for ADC.
Conclusions: There is a high expression of iNOS in human esophageal adenocarcinomas. Frequent expression of iNOS may be a potential event in ADC carcinogenesis. There is no correlation between iNOS and SCC carcinogenesis.