Chemoprevention of nonmelanoma skin cancer: experience with a polyphenol from green tea

Recent Results Cancer Res. 2003;163:165-71; discussion 264-6. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-55647-0_15.

Abstract

Nonmelanoma skin cancer is extremely common and is increasing in incidence. It would be very useful to have forms of therapy that would prevent precancerous changes from going on to form cancer, or to reverse the precancerous changes. Epidemiologic evidence in humans, in vitro studies on human cells, and clinical experiments in animals have identified polyphenol compounds found in tea to be possibly useful in reducing the incidence of various cancers, including skin cancer. To examine the potential for a polyphenol from green tea, epigallocatechin gallate, to act as a chemopreventive agent for nonmelanoma skin cancer, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial of topical epigallocatechin gallate in the prevention of nonmelanoma skin cancer was performed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use*
  • Catechin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Catechin / therapeutic use*
  • Chemoprevention
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Flavonoids / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Phenols / therapeutic use*
  • Polyphenols
  • Skin Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Tea*
  • Ultraviolet Rays

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Flavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Polyphenols
  • Tea
  • Catechin
  • epigallocatechin gallate