ILR2, a novel gene regulating IAA conjugate sensitivity and metal transport in Arabidopsis thaliana

Plant J. 2003 Aug;35(4):523-34. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.2003.01826.x.


Plants can regulate levels of the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) by conjugation to amino acids or sugars, and subsequent hydrolysis of these conjugates to release active IAA. These less active auxin conjugates constitute the majority of IAA in plants. We isolated the Arabidopsis ilr2-1 mutant as a recessive IAA-leucine resistant mutant that retains wild-type sensitivity to free IAA. ilr2-1 is also defective in lateral root formation and primary root elongation. In addition, ilr2-1 is resistant to manganese- and cobalt-mediated inhibition of root elongation, and microsomal preparations from the ilr2-1 mutant exhibit enhanced ATP-dependent manganese transport. We used a map-based positional approach to clone the ILR2 gene, which encodes a novel protein with no predicted membrane-spanning domains that is polymorphic among Arabidopsis accessions. Our results demonstrate that ILR2 modulates a metal transporter, providing a novel link between auxin conjugate metabolism and metal homeostasis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / physiology
  • Biological Transport
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cobalt / metabolism*
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism*
  • Manganese / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Polymorphism, Genetic


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • ILR2 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Cobalt
  • Manganese
  • indoleacetic acid

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY152649