IRLB was originally identified as a partial cDNA clone, encoding a 191-aa protein binding the interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE) in the P2 promoter of human MYC. Here, we cloned the full-size IRLB using different bioinformatics tools and an RT-PCR approach. The full-size gene encompasses 131 kb within chromosome 15q22 and consists of 32 exons. IRLB is transcribed as a 6.6-kb mRNA encoding a protein of 1865 aa. IRLB is ubiquitously expressed and its expression is regulated in a growth- and cell cycle-dependent manner. In addition to the ISRE-binding domain IRLB contains a tripartite DENN domain, a nuclear localization signal, two PPRs, and a calmodulin-binding domain. The presence of DENN domains predicts possible interactions of IRLB with GTPases from the Rab family or regulation of growth-induced MAPKs. Strongly homologous proteins were identified in all available vertebrate genomes as well as in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster. In human and mouse a family of IRLB proteins exists, consisting of at least three members.