Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Psychosocial Functioning Within Two Samples of MVA Survivors

Behav Res Ther. 2003 Sep;41(9):1105-12. doi: 10.1016/s0005-7967(03)00071-8.

Abstract

To examine criterion F variables of PTSD, the psychosocial functioning of two samples of motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors was investigated. Within each sample, comparisons between MVA survivors with and without PTSD were conducted on four psychosocial functioning indices at three time points. In addition, the relationships between specific PTSD symptom clusters and psychosocial functioning indices were examined. The study revealed that, in general, MVA survivors with PTSD evidenced poorer psychosocial functioning than did survivors without PTSD. The emotional numbing symptoms of PTSD emerged as the most consistent predictors of the psychosocial functioning indices. The implications of these findings to the comprehensive treatment of PTSD are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / psychology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*
  • Survivors / psychology*