Solution structure of the 162 residue C-terminal domain of human elongation factor 1Bgamma

J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 31;278(44):43443-51. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M306031200. Epub 2003 Aug 13.


The multisubunit elongation factor 1 (eEF1) is required for the elongation step of eukaryotic protein synthesis. The eEF1 complex consists of four subunits: eEF1A, a G-protein that shuttles aminoacylated tRNAs to the ribosome; eEF1Balpha and eEF1Bbeta, two guanine nucleotide exchange factors, and eEF1Bgamma. Although its exact function remains unknown, this latter subunit is present in all eukaryotes. Recombinant human eEF1Bgamma has been purified and shown to consist of two independent domains. We have utilized high resolution NMR to determine the three-dimensional structure of the 19 kDa C-terminal fragment (domain 2). The structure consists of a five-stranded anti-parallel beta-sheet surrounded by alpha-helices and resembles a contact lens. Highly conserved residues are mainly located on the concave face, suggesting thereby that this side of the molecule might be involved in some biologically relevant interface(s). Although the isolated domain 2 appears to be mostly monomeric in solution, biochemical and structural data indicate a potential homodimer. The proposed dimer model can be further positioned within the quaternary arrangement of the whole eEF1 assembly.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Databases as Topic
  • Dimerization
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Elongation Factor 1 / chemistry*
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Peptide Elongation Factor 1
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • RNA

Associated data

  • PIR/1PBU