An holistic approach to substance abuse treatment

J Psychoactive Drugs. 2003 Apr-Jun;35(2):247-51. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2003.10400006.


The purpose of this article is to describe a model outpatient substance abuse treatment program. This program is designed to provide patients with not only traditional modalities of treatment such as individual, group, and family therapy, but also to provide an opportunity for patients to express thoughts and feelings through holistic modalities. These modalities include dance/movement therapy, Tai Chi, art therapy, leisure and recreational skills, spiritual growth and development, cultural awareness and appreciation, vocational services, psychiatric care and physical health. The authors describe features of this program that they believe to be unique and that focus on ways to help patients develop a stronger sense of self-identity, self-esteem and self-confidence.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Holistic Health*
  • Humans
  • Self-Help Groups
  • Sensory Art Therapies / methods
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*
  • Tai Ji / methods