Delta-viniferin, a resveratrol dehydrodimer: one of the major stilbenes synthesized by stressed grapevine leaves

J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Aug 27;51(18):5488-92. doi: 10.1021/jf030227o.


Delta-viniferin is a resveratrol dehydrodimer, an isomer of epsilon-viniferin. This compound has been reported as a molecule produced in vitro by the oxidative dimerization of resveratrol by plant peroxidases or fungal laccases. It was also recently identified in wines and in grape cell cultures. We have now identified this dimer by NMR, high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD), and HPLC-mass spectrometry (MS) in grapevine leaves infected by Plasmopara viticola (downy mildew) or UV-C irradiated. Its concentration was higher than that of epsilon-viniferin and constitutes one of the most important phytoalexins derived from resveratrol.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Benzofurans / analysis*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Dimerization
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Oomycetes
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Plant Diseases*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / metabolism*
  • Resorcinols / analysis*
  • Stilbenes*
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Vitis / chemistry
  • Vitis / metabolism*


  • Benzofurans
  • Resorcinols
  • Stilbenes
  • delta-viniferin