Epidemiology of burns presenting to an emergency department in Shiraz, South Iran

Burns. 2003 Sep;29(6):579-81. doi: 10.1016/s0305-4179(03)00066-4.


A retrospective study of 1493 burn patients attending the Ghotbeddin emergency burn center in Shiraz, South Iran during the 1 year period 2001-2002 was undertaken in order to describe the epidemiological features of burns in Shiraz. The following results were obtained: the mean age of attendees was 21.84+/-19.05 with an overall male to female ratio of 1.12. 41.2% of patients were children under 15 years with a M/F ratio of 1.36. The main causes of burns were scalds (53%) followed by flame (25%). The frequency of scalds was much higher among children (70%). The majority of accidents (81%) occurred at home, 5.2% occurred in workplace and domestic accidents were more frequent among women. The mean total body surface area (TBSA) burned was 7.4+/-14.3%. Extensive TBSA had a significant association with flame burns and sex, showing that female patients have higher risk for more extensive burns. Finally, there was a significant seasonal variation for burns, with most burns occurring in winter months.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Home
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Surface Area
  • Burns / epidemiology*
  • Burns / etiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emergencies / epidemiology
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Seasons
  • Sex Distribution