Effects of chronic ethanol on hepatic and renal CYP2C11 in the male rat: interactions with the Janus-kinase 2-signal transducer and activators of transcription proteins 5b pathway

Endocrinology. 2003 Sep;144(9):3969-76. doi: 10.1210/en.2002-0163.


Chronic alcohol intake in male rats results in: 1) demasculinization of the GH pulse pattern; 2) reduced serum testosterone concentrations; and 3) decreased expression hepatic CYP2C11. Hepatic CYP2C11 expression is regulated by the male pattern of GH through the Janus-kinase/signal transducer and activators of transcription proteins (JAK/STAT) signal transduction pathway in the male rat. Renal CYP2C11 is regulated by testosterone, not GH. The involvement of the JAK/STAT5b signal transduction pathway in renal CYP2C11 signaling has not been studied. We tested the hypothesis that ethanol reduces CYP2C11 levels by interfering with the JAK/STAT5b pathway. Using a total enteral nutrition (TEN) model to feed rats a well-balanced diet, we have studied the effects of chronic ethanol intake (21 d) on hepatic and renal JAK/STAT pathway of adult male rats (8-10/group). We found decreased hepatic and renal expression of CYP2C11 in ethanol-fed rats with concomitant decreases in STAT5b and phospho-STAT5b, decreased in vitro hepatic STAT5b binding to a CYP2C11 promoter element and no effects on hepatic GHR levels. Ethanol caused tissue specific effects in phospho-JAK2 and JAK2, with increased levels in the liver, but decreased JAK2 expression in the kidney. We conclude that ethanol suppression of CYP2C11 expression is clearly associated with reductions in STAT5b levels, but not necessarily in reductions of JAK2 levels. The mechanisms underlying ethanol-induced suppression of STAT5b is yet to be determined, as is the question of whether this is secondary to hormonal effects or a direct ethanol effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholism / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / genetics
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / metabolism*
  • Central Nervous System Depressants / pharmacology
  • Cytochrome P450 Family 2
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Ethanol / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / enzymology*
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Milk Proteins*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Steroid 16-alpha-Hydroxylase / genetics
  • Steroid 16-alpha-Hydroxylase / metabolism*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism


  • Central Nervous System Depressants
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Milk Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Stat5b protein, rat
  • Trans-Activators
  • Ethanol
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • CYP2C11 protein, rat
  • Cytochrome P450 Family 2
  • Steroid 16-alpha-Hydroxylase
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Jak2 protein, rat
  • Janus Kinase 2