Construction details are given of a model eye, based on the Bennett and Rabbetts schematic eye. It incorporates a cornea, lens, and spherical fundus. Distilled water filled the anterior and vitreous chambers. By means of a micrometer screw, the vitreous chamber depth can be precisely varied to produce axial ametropia from +11 to -17 D. Readings taken over the greater part of this range with a Topcon Autorefractor RM-A6500 were found to be repeatable and reproducible within +/- 0.25 D. The model eye was used to investigate the relationship between the actual size of a fundus feature and its photographic image in two different fundus cameras. With a Zeiss Oberkochen camera of telecentric design the magnification was found to remain constant whatever the degree of axial ametropia, whereas with a Carl Zeiss Jena camera the magnification varied linearly with ametropia. A technique developed by Littmann for determining the actual size of a retinal feature when using a fundus camera of telecentric design is discussed briefly.