Pharmacokinetics of linezolid in subjects with renal dysfunction

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Sep;47(9):2775-80. doi: 10.1128/AAC.47.9.2775-2780.2003.


Linezolid is a member of a new, unique class of synthetic antibacterial agents called oxazolidinones that are effective against gram-positive bacteria, including vancomycin-resistant organisms. We tested the hypothesis that the linezolid clearance would not be altered in subjects with renal dysfunction. Twenty-four subjects with renal function that ranged from normal to severe chronic impairment were enrolled, including patients with end-stage renal disease who were maintained on hemodialysis. Hemodialysis subjects were studied while they were both on and off dialysis. Linezolid was administered as a single oral 600-mg dose, and plasma and urine samples were assayed for linezolid and metabolites for 48 h for all subjects and for up to 96 h for those subjects with impaired renal function not on dialysis. The total apparent oral clearance of linezolid did not change with renal function and ranged from 92.5 to 109.6 ml/min for subjects not requiring dialysis. For subjects on dialysis, the total apparent oral clearance increased from 76.6 ml/min on their off-dialysis day to 130.0 ml/min on their on-dialysis day. Approximately one-third of the dose was removed by dialysis. However, those subjects with severe renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance, <40 ml/min) and those with end-stage renal disease maintained on hemodialysis had higher concentrations of both metabolites. We conclude that no adjustment of the linezolid dosage is needed in subjects with renal dysfunction or subjects on hemodialysis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetamides / pharmacokinetics*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / metabolism*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / metabolism
  • Kidney Function Tests
  • Linezolid
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxazolidinones / pharmacokinetics*
  • Renal Dialysis


  • Acetamides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Oxazolidinones
  • Creatinine
  • Linezolid