Head and neck vascular malformations: time-resolved MR projection angiography

Neuroradiology. 2003 Oct;45(10):681-6. doi: 10.1007/s00234-003-1039-4. Epub 2003 Aug 27.


Extracranial vascular anomalies can be divided into haemangiomas and vascular malformations. The latter can be subdivided on the basis of the predominant type of vascular channels. Separation of high- and low-flow vascular malformations is of clinical importance. We report preliminary observations on time-resolved magnetic resonance projection angiography (MRPA) of vascular malformations of the head and neck. We examined eight patients with vascular anomalies of the head and neck. On MRPA the time between the early arterial phase and enhancement of the malformation could be used to distinguish high- and low-flow lesions. High-flow arteriovenous malformations showed early, intense enhancement. Venous malformations were either not visible on MRPA or showed late enhancement of veins. One patient was examined after embolisation of an arteriovenous fistula of the mandible. Normal MRPA was taken to indicate absence of a residual lesion.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnosis
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Congenital Abnormalities / diagnosis
  • Embolization, Therapeutic
  • Female
  • Head / blood supply*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography*
  • Male
  • Neck / blood supply*
  • Veins / abnormalities