Nutrient adequacy and Mediterranean Diet in Spanish school children and adolescents

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57 Suppl 1:S35-9. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601812.


Objective: To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish school children and adolescents, and their relationship with the Mediterranean Diet.

Design: Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview.

Setting: Free living children and adolescents of all Spanish regions.

Subjects: A random sample of 3166 people aged 6-24 y.

Methods: Home interviews conducted by a team of 43 dietitians included 24-h recalls (a second 24-h recall in 25% of the sample) and a short frequency questionnaire to determine the quality of the Mediterranean Diet (KIDMED).

Results: The participation rate was 68%. In general, the adequacy of the Mediterranean Diet rose with increased mean intakes of the majority of vitamins and minerals and decreased percentages of inadequate intakes (&<2/3 of the RNI) for calcium, magnesium, vitamin B(6) and C in both sexes, and iron and vitamin A only in females.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the Mediterranean Diet contributes to nutritional quality, and also shows concomitant risks as the Mediterranean Diet deteriorates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Child
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet, Mediterranean / statistics & numerical data*
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Nutritional Status / physiology
  • Sex Distribution
  • Spain
  • Surveys and Questionnaires