An asymmetric NFAT1 dimer on a pseudo-palindromic kappa B-like DNA site

Nat Struct Biol. 2003 Oct;10(10):807-11. doi: 10.1038/nsb975. Epub 2003 Aug 31.


The crystal structure of the NFAT1 Rel homology region (RHR) bound to a pseudo-palindromic DNA site reveals an asymmetric dimer interaction between the RHR-C domains, unrelated to the contact seen in Rel dimers such as NF kappa B. Binding studies with a form of the NFAT1 RHR defective in the dimer contact show loss of cooperativity and demonstrate that the same interaction is present in solution. The structure we have determined may correspond to a functional NFAT binding mode at palindromic sites of genes induced during the anergic response to weak TCR signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • DNA / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Dimerization
  • Humans
  • NFATC Transcription Factors
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Transcription Factors / chemistry*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • NFATC Transcription Factors
  • NFATC2 protein, human
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • DNA

Associated data

  • PDB/1PZU