The Arabidopsis auxin-inducible gene ARGOS controls lateral organ size

Plant Cell. 2003 Sep;15(9):1951-61. doi: 10.1105/tpc.013557.


During plant development, the final size of an organ is regulated and determined by various developmental signals; however, the molecular mechanisms by which these signals are transduced and the mediators involved are largely unknown. Here, we show that ARGOS, a novel Arabidopsis gene that is highly induced by auxin, is involved in organ size control. Transgenic plants expressing sense or antisense ARGOS cDNA display enlarged or reduced aerial organs, respectively. The alteration in organ size is attributable mainly to changes in cell number and the duration of organ growth. Ectopic expression of ARGOS prolongs the expression of AINTEGUMENTA (ANT) and CycD3;1 as well as the neoplastic activity of leaf cells. Moreover, organ enlargement in plants overexpressing ARGOS can be blocked by the loss of function of ANT, implying that ARGOS functions upstream of ANT to affect the meristematic competence of organ cells. The induction of ARGOS by auxin is attenuated or abolished in auxin-resistant1 (axr1), and overexpression of ARGOS partially restores axr1 organ development. These results suggest that ARGOS may transduce auxin signals downstream of AXR1 to regulate cell proliferation and organ growth through ANT during organogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / drug effects
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Division / genetics
  • Cotyledon / genetics
  • Cotyledon / growth & development
  • Culture Techniques
  • Cyclins
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / drug effects
  • Hypocotyl / genetics
  • Hypocotyl / growth & development
  • Indoleacetic Acids / pharmacology*
  • Meristem / genetics
  • Meristem / growth & development
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Plant Roots / genetics
  • Plant Roots / growth & development
  • Plant Shoots / genetics
  • Plant Shoots / growth & development
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Seeds / growth & development
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • AINTEGUMENTA protein, Arabidopsis
  • ARGOS protein, Arabidopsis
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • CYCD3;1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Cyclins
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Transcription Factors

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY305869