Crystal structure of a human Mob1 protein: toward understanding Mob-regulated cell cycle pathways

Structure. 2003 Sep;11(9):1163-70. doi: 10.1016/s0969-2126(03)00182-5.


The Mob protein family comprises a group of highly conserved eukaryotic proteins whose founding member functions in the mitotic exit network. At the molecular level, Mob proteins act as kinase-activating subunits. We cloned a human Mob1 family member, Mob1A, and determined its three-dimensional structure by X-ray crystallography. The core of Mob1A consists of a four-helix bundle that is stabilized by a bound zinc atom. The N-terminal helix of the bundle is solvent exposed and together with adjacent secondary structure elements forms an evolutionarily conserved surface with a strong negative electrostatic potential. Several conditional mutant alleles of S. cerevisiae MOB1 target this surface and decrease its net negative charge. Interestingly, the kinases with which yeast Mob proteins interact have two conserved basic regions within their N-terminal lobe. Thus, Mob proteins may regulate their target kinases through electrostatic interactions mediated by conserved charged surfaces.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / chemistry
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / chemistry*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphoproteins / chemistry
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups)


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • MOB1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • SGMS1 protein, human
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups)

Associated data

  • PDB/1PI1