Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have become the leading cause of mortality in renal transplant recipients. Well-known cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and graft dysfunction both play an important role in the development of the posttransplantation CV events. We studied 233 stable kidney transplant patients to establish the prevalence of CVD and to assess CV risk factors that can be evaluated (and modified) in daily clinical practice. While 6.2% of the patients had coronary heart disease (CHD) before the transplantation, 16% displayed at least 1 CV event posttransplantation. The most significant factors associated with CV events were as follows: gender, length of smoking, diabetes mellitus, hepatitis C virus antibodies (HCV), dyslipidemia, proteinuria, and serum creatinine levels.