Hazard and risk assessment of industrial chemicals in the occupational context in Europe: some current issues

Food Chem Toxicol. 2003 Nov;41(11):1453-62. doi: 10.1016/s0278-6915(03)00193-5.


This paper is about industrial chemicals, the manner in which their toxicity is assessed and the use of such assessments in regulatory decision-making. It begins with general points concerning toxicological data availability and hazard identification, then moves on to risk assessment and occupational exposure limits, and finally looks briefly at three specific toxicological issues, asthma, chronic toxic encephalopathy, and "low toxicity" dust effects on the lung, where the science is far from resolved. The overall purpose of the paper is to raise, or perhaps to act as a reminder of a number of issues of particular relevance to industrial chemicals and the occupational setting, and hopefully to prompt further thinking and perhaps some new initiatives directed at the areas in question.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dust
  • Europe
  • European Union
  • Hazardous Substances / adverse effects*
  • Hazardous Substances / toxicity
  • Humans
  • Industry* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Occupational Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Exposure / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Risk Assessment


  • Dust
  • Hazardous Substances