Objectives: This study examines stress factors, resources of coping, psychopathological symptoms and their influence on health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients after heart or lung transplantation.
Methods: 82 Patients were examined with the questionnaires SF-36 (QoL), HADS-D (anxiety and depression), IES-R and PTSS-10 (post traumatic stress disorder, PTSD) 32.3 (4-86) months after transplantation. Stress factors, resources and diagnostic criteria for PTSD were investigated by structured interview.
Results: In the entire sample, anxiety, depression and QoL were in the range of normal population. A subgroup of 13 patients with a PTSD diagnose had significantly reduced QoL. Anxiety and intrusion explained the 42 % variance of psychosocial score of QOL.
Conclusions: There was a lower influence of depression on the medical score of QoL. Psychological symptoms such as anxiety, depression and PTSD significantly influence QoL after heart or lung transplantation. Patients with a PTSD diagnose had poor QoL. Screening for PTSD should be part of routine evaluation after organ transplantation.