Eleven patients (12 ankles) who had Pirogoff ankle disarticulation were followed up for an average of 5.6 years (range, 2.1-8.9 years). After disarticulation of the Chopart joint, the talus was removed and the calcaneus was cut off in the coronal plane. The heel then was rotated 90 degrees to the tibial plafond. The postoperative result was evaluated using a scoring sheet. Excellent results were seen in four feet: two in patients with trauma, one in a patient with a metastatic tumor, and one in a patient with osteomyelitis. Good results were seen in two feet: one in a patient with trauma and one in a patient with diabetes mellitus. A fair result was seen in one foot in a patient with diabetes mellitus. Poor results were seen in four feet in three patients with arteriosclerosis and one foot in a patient with diabetes mellitus. In Pirogoff ankle disarticulation, the leg-length discrepancy is compensated for by using the calcaneus. The patients only had a leg-length discrepancy of 2.8 cm on average, which enabled them to walk outdoors wearing only a shoe orthosis. The postoperative results were unfavorable in patients with vascular diseases and were satisfying in patients without vascular diseases.