Candidemia in Finland, 1995-1999

Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Aug;9(8):985-90. doi: 10.3201/eid0908.030069.

Abstract

We analyzed laboratory-based surveillance candidemia data from the National Infectious Disease Register in Finland and reviewed cases of candidemia from one tertiary-care hospital from 1995 to 1999. A total of 479 candidemia cases were reported to the Register. The annual incidence rose from 1.7 per 100,000 population in 1995 to 2.2 in 1999. Species other than Candida albicans accounted for 30% of cases without change in the proportion. A total of 79 cases of candidemia were identified at the hospital; the rate varied from 0.03 to 0.05 per 1,000 patient-days by year. Predisposing factors included indwelling catheters (81%), gastrointestinal surgery (27%), hematologic malignancy (25%), other types of surgery (21%), and solid malignancies (20%). Crude 7-day and 30-day case-fatality ratios were 15% and 35%, respectively. The rate of candidemia increased in Finland but is still substantially lower than in the United States. No shift to non-C. albicans species could be detected.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Candidiasis / epidemiology*
  • Candidiasis / etiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology*
  • Cross Infection / etiology
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Surveillance*
  • Registries