We have identified a putative 35-kilodalton protein that colocalizes with microtubules and displays a unique spatial and temporal distribution during the cell cycle of HeLa cells. This protein has been given the designation MSA-35. MSA-35 first appears in association with microtubules and centrosomes of interphase cells exhibiting centrosome separation as a prelude to cell division. This protein is found in conjunction with kinetochore microtubules throughout their appearance. MSA-35 transiently associates with interpolar microtubules following anaphase and the pattern of MSA-35 reactivity in telophase cells suggests that there are at least seven domains within the intercellular bridge. The distribution of MSA-35 during and following recovery from mitotic arrest with nocodazole suggest that it is also present at low levels in interphase cells, can associate with interphase centrosomes, and colocalizes with nascent microtubules. The complex spatial and temporal distribution of MSA-35 indicates that it may be necessary for a series of events in the mitotic process such as the bundling of microtubules.