Meniscal disorders: normal, discoid, and cysts

Orthop Clin North Am. 2003 Jul;34(3):329-40. doi: 10.1016/s0030-5898(03)00008-7.


Meniscal injuries in children and adolescents are being seen with increased frequency. Meniscal tears are typically traumatic injuries in adolescents. Because of increased healing potential and the younger age of these patients, attempts at meniscal preservation should be emphasized for outer and middle third tears. Discoid meniscus typically presents as a snapping knee in younger children or as a meniscal tear in older children. Again, meniscal preservation by saucerization is emphasized. Careful attention should be given to the need for additional meniscal repair. Popliteal cysts typically present as a painless mass. Because they are usually not associated with an internal pathology and often resolve spontaneously, the preferred treatment is observation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Arthroplasty / methods*
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Knee Injuries / epidemiology
  • Knee Injuries / therapy*
  • Male
  • Menisci, Tibial / abnormalities
  • Menisci, Tibial / physiopathology
  • Menisci, Tibial / surgery*
  • Popliteal Cyst / diagnosis
  • Popliteal Cyst / therapy