Determinants of hemodynamic results of balloon dilation of aortic recoarctation

Am J Cardiol. 1992 Mar 1;69(6):665-71. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(92)90161-q.


Between October 1982 and May 1990, balloon dilation of aortic recoarctation was attempted in 27 patients. In 1 case dilation was not performed owing to suspected aortic perforation. The remaining 26 patients had 30 procedures. The age at the first dilation ranged between 2.6 months and 18.3 years. After dilation, systolic gradient decreased from 49 +/- 17 mm Hg to 20 +/- 17 mm Hg (p less than 0.001). A reduction of gradient to less than or equal to 20 mm Hg occurred after the first dilation in 17 of 26 (65%) patients. Residual gradients between 25 and 80 mm Hg were present in the remaining 9 patients. During follow-up of 2 months to 6.7 years, 5 of 17 patients with a good initial result developed further recoarctation (2 had successful redilation, 2 had reoperation, and 1 is awaiting repeat dilation). Of 9 patients with gradients greater than 20 mm Hg after the first dilation, 1 had successful redilation and 3 had reoperation. The remaining 5 patients are being managed conservatively. 2 patients developed aneurysms after dilation (1 immediately and the other at 2 months). In all, 15 patients (58%) had a good, and 11 (42%) a poor late hemodynamic result. Aortic diameters at different levels of the aortic arch and at the reconstructed isthmus (normalized to the aorta at the level of the diaphragm) were significantly higher in the group with a good late result than in that with a poor one. Balloon/aortic diameter ratio at diaphragm level also had a significant influence on the late results.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aorta, Thoracic
  • Aortic Aneurysm / etiology
  • Aortic Coarctation / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Coarctation / physiopathology*
  • Aortic Coarctation / therapy*
  • Catheterization* / adverse effects
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cineangiography
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Recurrence