Twenty-one eyes of 18 patients with uncontrolled glaucoma and intraocular inflammatory disease had glaucoma filtering surgery with postoperative subconjunctival 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Follow-up for eyes in which intraocular pressure was controlled ranged from 6 to 53 months (mean, 34 months; median, 35 months). Fifteen of 21 eyes (71%) had controlled intraocular pressure (21 mmHg or less). Control was achieved in 9 of 10 (90%) phakic eyes and in 6 of 11 (55%) aphakic or pseudophakic eyes with or without glaucoma medication. Four of six filter failures had a second filtering procedure with 5-FU, and of these four procedures, three were successful. Cataract progression occurred in 9 of 10 phakic eyes, leading to cataract surgery in 7 eyes. Other complications included corneal epithelial defects in 13 eyes, bleb leaks in 3 eyes, choroidal effusions in 13 eyes, 1 choroidal hemorrhage, 1 serous retinal detachment and macular retinal pigment epithelial disturbance associated with hypotony and choroidal effusion. Filtering surgery with postoperative subconjunctival 5-FU can successfully control intraocular pressure in eyes with ocular inflammatory disease.