Gastric Chief Cells: Receptors and Signal-Transduction Mechanisms

Gastroenterology. 1992 Feb;102(2):699-710. doi: 10.1016/0016-5085(92)90124-h.

Abstract

Elucidation of receptors and mediators regulating gastric pepsinogen secretion has lagged behind understanding of the factors that control acid secretion. During the past decade, as a consequence of the development of in vitro models for studying the control of pepsinogen secretion at the cellular level, much information about chief cell receptors and signal-transduction mechanisms has been obtained, including the identification and characterization of receptors for secretin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, cholinergic agonists, gastrin, cholecystokinin, peptide YY, and cholera toxin. Moreover, these cell preparations have permitted secretagogue-induced changes in chief-cell calcium concentration, protein kinase C distribution, and phosphoinositide and cyclic nucleotide content to be measured and related to changes in pepsinogen secretion. This article reviews these advances, discusses areas of uncertainty and controversy, and indicates areas for future investigation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gastric Mucosa / cytology
  • Gastric Mucosa / drug effects
  • Gastric Mucosa / metabolism
  • Gastric Mucosa / physiology*
  • Pepsinogens / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*

Substances

  • Pepsinogens
  • Receptors, Cell Surface