To establish useful predictors of the intrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after partial hepatectomy, retrospective analyses of clinical and pathologic factors were done in 112 of 206 patients treated by partial hepatectomy. The absence or presence of intrahepatic recurrence was confirmed by a follow-up study. Cancer-free survival rates after 1, 2, 3, and 5 years were 54.8%, 36.7%, 32.5%, and 25.6%, respectively. The significant factors affecting recurrence were tumor size, number of tumors, cancer cell infiltration of the fibrous capsule of the tumor, portal involvement, and stage of the tumor, but the grade of anaplasia according to Edmondson-Steiner's classification and the severity of associated liver cirrhosis did not show a correlation with the incidence of recurrence. According to Akaike's Information Criteria (AIC), tumor number is useful for predicting early prognosis, and capsular infiltration is a good indicator of long-term survival. However, portal involvement gives much prognostic information throughout the entire postoperative period.