Pharmacological strategies in CNS trauma

Trends Pharmacol Sci. 1992 Jan;13(1):29-35. doi: 10.1016/0165-6147(92)90013-v.


Delayed biochemical changes play an important role in tissue damage resulting from traumatic injuries to the central nervous system. Identification of such 'secondary' injury factors has led to the development of various pharmacological strategies aimed at limiting this progressive tissue destruction. In this review, Alan Faden and Steven Salzman discuss the pharmacological approaches that have the most experimental support. These include corticosteroids, antioxidants and free-radical scavengers, modulators of arachidonate metabolism, gangliosides, monoamine modulators, opioid receptor antagonists, TRH and its analogs, NMDA receptor antagonists, Ca2+ channel antagonists and platelet-activating factor antagonists.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Brain Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Humans
  • N-Methylaspartate / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Narcotic Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Receptors, Opioid / drug effects
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone / therapeutic use


  • Antioxidants
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Receptors, Opioid
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • N-Methylaspartate