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, 260 (3), 1237-43

Extremely Long-Lasting Antagonistic Actions of Nor-Binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) in the Mouse Tail-Flick Test

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  • PMID: 1312164

Extremely Long-Lasting Antagonistic Actions of Nor-Binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) in the Mouse Tail-Flick Test

P Horan et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.

Abstract

The duration of antagonistic action of nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI), a kappa antagonist, of antinociception resulting from selective opioid agonists, was examined using the mouse tail-flick assay as the endpoint. Nor-BNI (1 nmol, i.c.v. at -20 min) antagonized equiantinociceptive doses of the opioid kappa agonists (5 alpha,7 alpha,8 beta)-(-)-N-methyl-N-(7-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-oxaspiro (4,5)dec-8-yl) benzeneacetamide (U69,593) (70 nmol i.c.v.) or bremazocine (25 nmol i.c.v.), but did not antagonize antinociception produced by the mu opioid-selective [D-Ala2, NMePhe4, Gly-ol]enkephalin or the delta opioid-selective [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin. Pretreatment with nor-BNI (1 nmol i.c.v.) antagonized the antinociceptive effects of U69,593 and bremazocine for up to 28 days. At all pretreatment times, the antinociceptive dose-response lines for these kappa agonists were displaced to the right to various degrees in a parallel fashion; an increasing rightward displacement of the U69,593 and bremazocine antinociceptive dose-response lines was observed at 1 and 3 days after a single nor-BNI pretreatment, with a gradual return toward the control level at later times after pretreatment. Increasing the dose of nor-BNI to 10 nmol produced only a transient blockade of equiantinociceptive doses of the mu selective agonist [D-Ala2, NMePhe4, Gly-ol]enkephalin and the delta selective agonist [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin (at 20-30 min post-nor-BNI pretreatment).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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