Three-dimensional ESR imaging of a living rat has been performed by an L-band ESR system, which is composed of an L-band ESR spectrometer, a field gradient coil, and a data processor. The imaging was carried out by Lauterbur's method. A nitroxide, 3-carbamoyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl (Carbamoyl-PROXYL), was used as an imaging agent in saline solution at a concentration of 0.2 M and administered intraperitoneally to obtain a constant concentration in the head for about an hour. It took about 40 min to obtain one set of ESR-CT images. The cross-sectional images were made, both as coronal and horizontal images. In the images of the rat head the nitroxide-rich region was clearly distinguished from the deficient region. The nitroxide-deficient areas corresponded well to the brain of the rat.