Effect of a growth hormone-releasing factor antagonist on compensatory renal growth, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and IGF-I receptor gene expression after unilateral nephrectomy in immature rats

Endocrinology. 1992 May;130(5):2697-702. doi: 10.1210/endo.130.5.1315253.

Abstract

We have recently reported that pulsatile GH secretion is elevated 24 h after unilateral nephrectomy (UNX) in adult rats. In addition, suppression of the increase in GH with an antagonist to GH-releasing factor (GRF-AN) significantly attenuated compensatory renal growth (CRG) in adult rats. The present study examined the role of GH in CRG in immature animals. Pulsatile GH release was determined 24 h post-UNX in immature (26-28 days of age) sham-operated and UNX male Wistar rats. In contrast to the adult UNX rats, no increase in GH secretion was seen in the immature UNX rats compared with that in the controls. When pulsatile GH release was suppressed with GRF-AN, there was preferential growth of the remnant kidney despite the attenuated gain in whole body weight. In addition, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-I receptor mRNA levels were elevated 3-fold in the remnant kidneys of GRF-AN-treated rats, despite the suppression of pulsatile GH release. These findings suggest that the initial phase of CRG is GH independent in the immature rat and, further, that CRG is associated with an increase in IGF-I and IGF-I receptor gene expression that is independent of episodic GH secretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Growth Hormone / metabolism
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone / pharmacology
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / genetics*
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / physiology*
  • Male
  • Nephrectomy*
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • Receptors, Somatomedin
  • Reference Values
  • Sermorelin* / analogs & derivatives*

Substances

  • Peptide Fragments
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Somatomedin
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • Sermorelin
  • Growth Hormone
  • Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
  • somatotropin releasing hormone (1-29)amide, N-acetyl-tyrosyl(1)-arginyl(2)-